The scale is composed of 24 items divided into 2 subscales, 13 concerning performance anxiety, and 11 pertaining to social situations. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was the first evaluation The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a widely used The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven.

Author: Meztikree Negami
Country: Greece
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Politics
Published (Last): 14 April 2007
Pages: 450
PDF File Size: 3.70 Mb
ePub File Size: 17.59 Mb
ISBN: 606-3-58526-326-4
Downloads: 83590
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vudogami

A confirmatory factor analysis of a self-report version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. It is noteworthy that, in relation to gender, the mean score was higher among the female participants. The self-report version of the Scale has been extensively tested on the Spanish population, with results high in validity and reliability.

These findings highlight the implications of interpreting data obtained from measures that have not been validated for the population under examination. Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: A comprehensive method for assessing outcome in prospective longitudinal studies. Therefore, the score with the best balance between sensitivity and specificity was equal to 44, however, the interval between the scores 39 and 44 also presented adequate standards for this evaluation, with a sensitive variation between these.

Subsequent studies [ 1617 ], consisting of large and diverse samples and using refined methodology, have considered the self-report version valid and reliable, since the psychometric properties presented by the SR version were as satisfactory as the clinician-administered format, with the advantage of its application being easier and faster [ 12 ].

American Psychiatric Press; Santos1 Sonia R. It was translated and adapted into Brazilian Portuguese internal consistency: Identification Questionnaire This questionnaire is composed of 16 items aimed at the sociodemographic characterization of the participants. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.


Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale

Factor analyses have not supported the original 2-factor model and have instead supported a different four-factor structure. J Cross Cult Psychol20 4: Previous studies differ in relation to the best cutoff to be used, possibly due to the samples and the cultural contexts in which the studies were performed. Social anxiety across ethnicity: In many cases, individuals who are affected by SAD avoid these kinds of situations, which is related to social impairment.

Quality of life and psychiatric morbidity in panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale

Acknowledgements We thank Michael Armey for consultation on our data analyses. This instrument consists of an interview script, composed of ten modules, used for the development of psychiatric clinical diagnoses based on the DSM-IV. Modern Problems in Pharmacopsychiatry.

Moreover, examining the factor structure of measures in diverse samples may inform about whether the construct of social anxiety differs across ethnic and racial groups in clinically meaningful ways. Screening for social anxiety disorder in the clinical setting: However, lack of empirical data made it difficult to differentiate and relate different types of feared situations and social interactions.

Thus, studies have tested the original 2-factor model social interaction, performance examining only fear ratings. Courtney Bearda, 1 Benjamin F. Scores higher than 90 indicate that SAD is highly probable.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale – Wikipedia

liegowitz Its total score varies from 0 to points and it has been adapted into Brazilian Portuguese, with excellent psychometric properties internal consistency: The LSAS is the most frequently used form of social anxiety assessment in research, clinical-based, and pharmacotherapy studies. A control group of participants, with negative Mini-SPIN scores, was also interviewed by telephone in order to confirm the absence of this diagnosis.


Table 1 Criteria for inclusion of the participants into Social Anxiety Disorder groups, according to the diagnoses. The Safren four-factor model social interaction, speaking, observation by others, eating and drinking has been supported in two studies Oakman et al. Please review our privacy policy.

A comparison of social phobia outcome measures in cognitive-behavioral group therapy. Currently, the LSAS is the instrument most used worldwide for the evaluation of signs sociao symptoms of SAD, especially in clinical studies [ 1819 ].

Such analyses are needed given that none of the previously proposed factor structures were good fits for our data. A confirmatory factor analysis of specific phobia domains in African American and Caucasian American young adults. A comparison of the psychometric properties of self-report and clinician-administered formats.

Instruments for the evaluation of social phobia In Social phobia: Safren and colleagues found that the relationship between social interactional anxiety and performance anxiety in their sociaal, showed high face validity but lacked construct validity. Scores in this range are typical of persons entering treatment for the non-generalized scoging of SAD.

For a full discussion see Baker [16] and Cox. Finally, we did not include a European American control group and therefore could not directly examine invariance across ethnicities. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are properly credited.

It is commonly used to study outcomes in clinical trials and, more recently, to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatments. The clinician administered version of the test has four more subscale scores, which the self-administered test does not have.